Poverty in India has been a problem for decades, and while the country has cut in half the amount of people below the poverty line, it still has the world’s largest population of poor. Here are 10 shocking statistics about poverty in India you may not know.
- It is reported that approximately 67% of Indians live on less than US$ 2 per day. With that being said, India’s total population is 1,241,491,960. This means that over 800 million people are impoverished, living on a wage that is unimaginable for many parts of the world.
- The 2011 Global Hunger Index documents India’s score to be 23.7, in other words “Alarming.” This index is based on child weight, child mortality rate, and percentage of undernourished throughout the entire population.
- The literacy rate in India varies from state to state. The state of Kerala has almost 100% literacy, while Bihar has a mere 63%. Jharkhand, where our mission is, has only 67% literacy- the 4th lowest in all of India’s 35 states
- 4. India is projected to by the world’s most populous country by 2025, reaching 1.6 billion people by 2050. This rate will have passed China as the most populous country in the world.
- Even though parts of India are very developed and technological, the rural population is still 72 percent of the total population. Many of these people still live in a “developing world” – not having access to modern day necessities.
- Infant mortality rate in India is still high. Through great improvement in past years, The United Nations ranks India number 150 out of 194 countries.
- World Bank estimates India as having one-third of the world’s poor. North and East Indian states like Jharkhand account for a large portion of India’s total poor.
- As of 2001, only 2.5% of India’s total population owned a car, while only 11.7 % owned a moped or scooter. With rates like these transportation in rural areas is almost impossible.
- India still practices caste systems. Some say this is a main reason why poverty is so widespread. Especially in rural areas, like Jharkhand, people feel animosity in lower classes and virtually cannot get jobs. According to NSSO, approximately one-third of Christians in India belong to low caste systems, limiting them for equal opportunities.
- Children without homes or guardians are referred to as “street children.” These children have no parental supervision, food source, or proper homes, leaving them to fend for themselves. India estimates that there are anywhere from 400,000 to 800,000 street children living throughout India, and they survive on as little as US$4 a month.
These facts and statistics about poverty in India are quite shocking- especially to the modern world. We at All India Mission hope to spread Christian ministry to the people of poor, rural India. They need our help more than ever. God Bless.